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Tips for Maintaining Healthy Trees
Trees are one of the world’s most beautiful natural resources. Not only do they make a great addition to your landscape, but they also provide shade for other plants and help the environment. With these benefits comes commitment – trees require maintenance and care. Here are some tips to help you take care of your trees year-round.
Transplanting & Staking Your Trees
You may need to transplant a tree form one area to another. Depending on the tree species’ needs, make sure that the new location is not too sunny or too dark. Transplanting large trees can be very difficult, requiring special equipment and specialized knowledge. This is best left to experts in tree care.
If you are moving the tree yourself, it is important to keep the root ball intact. You should wrap the root ball in burlap prior to moving to hold in the soil and avoid root damage. Make sure that the hole you dig for the new tree is deep enough and wide enough so the rootball will fit properly. You may also need to protect the tree’s foliage by wrapping the tree carefully in burlap.
Staking your trees when they are planted will help to keep them secure until their roots become more stable. Staking needs to be done properly. You do not want your tree to learn to depend on the staking and not root well. This can lead to a tree growing taller without becoming more stable.
Fertilizing & Mulching Your Trees
Trees are usually fertilized in the spring and summer with additional lighter applications applied during the year. There are different fertilizers available for different species of trees, such as fruit-bearing trees, palms and others.
Choosing the right fertilizer and the right amounts takes some knowledge of the particular trees needs, the soil’s chemistry and more. Hiring a professional tree service to take care of the fertilizing of your tree is the safest route.
Mulch should be applied around your trees’ base. Mulch helps the tree retain moisture, stabilizes the temperature and improves the soil conditions.
Trimming Your Trees
Careful trimming of your tree improves the tree’s appearance and encourages uniform growth. You want young trees to have a sturdy trunk and well-spaced branches. In older trees, you should remove dead foliage.
Spraying Your Trees
There are many diseases and insects that can infiltrate your tree and cause damage. Spraying your trees to get rid of fungus, beetles and other harmful insects and diseases is best done in the spring before budding.
Caution should be taken when spraying insecticides. Make sure that you are well-protected and that you are using the appropriate spray for the problem that you are combating. For the best results, seek the advice of a professional.
Your Trees and Storm Damage
After a storm, walk around your property and examine your trees for broken or damaged limbs and loss of foliage. When you select trees, take into consideration your area’s environmental conditions year-round. If you live in an area that has winter storms that include a lot of ice, you will want trees that are strong enough to bear the weight. Young trees may need additional, temporary support if a strong, violent storm is approaching.
Try to avoid planting trees that potentially could stand over your home, pool area, outlying buildings or your driveway. There is always the possibility that a tree can topple during a storm and cause extensive damage.
Getting Your Trees Ready for Winter
Winterizing your trees is important and the best way to help them survive serious winter storms. Many tree species become dormant in the winter. A dormant tree in this state still requires care. As the tree is entering its dormant faze, prune, fertilize and mulch. Taking these steps allows the tree to receive the nutrients it needs even though its metabolic rate has slowed.
Taking care of your trees is a year-round job. If done properly, the end result will be beautiful, healthy trees that enhance your landscaping.